May “K” ka ba sa K-12?: Facts and Figures (Part 3 of 10)

Coach Albert’s Thoughts About the K-12


Are you interested in researches on  education? Of course, you are. Let’s take a look at a research commissioned by the Department of Education in 2011 and conducted by Dr. Rosario Manasan of the Philippine Institute of Development Studies (PIDS). Her research revealed that enrollment in public and private elementary and secondary schools grew by 1.9 percent yearly (on the average) from 15.2 million children in School Year 1993-1994 to 20.7 million children in SY 2009-2010 (Manasan, 2011).

In the public secondary schools, enrollment grew by 4.3 percent and 6.3 percent yearly on the average in 1993-1998 and 1998-2003, respectively. The prime reason for this is the migration of students from private schools to public schools (Manasan, 2011).

What’s the significance of these figures to the K-12?  Well, with the implementation of Senior High School (SHS) in 2016, it is expected that total enrollment for the first batch of SHS students will reach 1.2 million and in 2017, around 2.3 million!

Manasan (2011) also projects that there will be a 5.5 percent increase in SHS enrolment from 2018-2020. From 2018-2021, we look forward to a 1,124,560 SHS graduates. (These figures give us reasons to doubt the DepEd’s readiness for the K-12!)

                                                                                                                Enrolment in Additional Two Years of SHS

Under High Enrolment Scenario (Pure Public Provision)

School Year

No. of SHS students

5th year

6th year


2016-2017 1,204,748 1,204,748
2017-2018 1,292,890 1,031,574 2,324,464
2018-2019 1,380,578 1,090,225 2,470,803
2019-2020 1,436,646 1,165,421 2,602,067
2020-2021 1,518,776 1,211,020 2,729,796

Source: Medium Term Spending Plan for Basic Education, 2012-2017: Enrolment Projections and Cost Simulations under Alternative Scenarios

Aspiring professional teacher, see this big opportunity open for you? Take a look: the implementation of Senior High School (SHS) beginning school year 2016-2017 will require some 50,198 teachers. In 2017, another 46,655 teachers are needed (Manasan, 2011). These are the number of teacher jobs waiting for you in the public school system alone, if Junior High School (JHS) graduates of public schools will remain in the public school system for their SHS and we have all reasons to assume this to be so.

The K-12 is an expensive endeavor. Yes, indeed. According to Manasan, the total budgetary requirement of adding two years to the basic education cycle will increase from 43.3 billion in 2016 to 58.5 billion in 2017; certainly a huge amount! But, remember that investments in education will payoff in the long run terms of better employment options, higher per capita income and general improvement in the living standards of Filipinos, which will eventually lead to economic growth.

With the increased budget for the K-12, the participation rate for the elementary level and secondary levels will improve.  From participation rates of 89.89 percent and 61.26 percent, respectively for elementary and secondary levels for 2010-2011, it is expected to reach 100 percent and 93.4 percent for secondary level by SY 2016-2017 (Luistro, 2012).

Given the big expenditure outlay to operationalize the K-12 reform that is expected to improve participation rates for elementary and secondary levels, let’s keep our fingers crossed that government earmarks enough funds for this education sector reform !

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2 Responses to May “K” ka ba sa K-12?: Facts and Figures (Part 3 of 10)

  1. Kayla 2013/11/03 at 1:52 am #

    Thanks for this info, let’s help Deped. K12 not easy.

  2. Gretel 2013/11/03 at 10:46 am #

    nice article!